7. Personnel expenses

Cost of sales, selling, general and administrative expenses and research and development expenses included personnel expenses of €5,354 million and €4,880 million in 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Personnel expenses comprised the following:

€ in millions 2010 2009
Wages and salaries 4,221 3,882
Social security contributions, cost of retirement pensions and social assistance 1,133 998
thereof retirement pensions 132 120
Personnel expenses 5,354 4,880

€ in millions 2010 2009
Wages and salaries 4,221 3,882
Social security contributions, cost of retirement pensions and social assistance 1,133 998
thereof retirement pensions 132 120
Personnel expenses 5,354 4,880

Fresenius Group’s annual average number of employees by function is shown below:

  2010 2009
Production and service 106,803 102,003
Administration 17,594 16,131
Sales and marketing 8,321 8,397
Research and development 1,445 1,372
Total employees (per capita) 134,163 127,903

  2010 2009
Production and service 106,803 102,003
Administration 17,594 16,131
Sales and marketing 8,321 8,397
Research and development 1,445 1,372
Total employees (per capita) 134,163 127,903

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